Macron pide a EE.UU. cooperación para "reinventar" el multilateralismo

El presidente de Francia, Emmanuel Macron, se distanció ayer ante el Congreso de EE UU de las políticas proteccionistas de Donald Trump con un fuerte respaldo al multilateralismo para la solución de los problemas y advirtió: "Cerrarle la puerta al mundo no detendrá la evolución del mundo". "A largo plazo tendremos que enfrentar las mismas realidades y somos solo ciudadanos en el mismo planeta", añadió. "UU. regresará al acuerdo de París y que podemos trabajar juntos para cumplir con ustedes las ambiciones sobre el ambiente", aseguró Macron. "Estoy seguro de que podemos trabajar juntos".

El mandatario francés también afirmó que su país "apoya completamente la iniciativa de EE".

Además, Macron llamó a EEUU a cooperar para "reinventar" el multilateralismo, siguiendo el modelo creado tras la II Guerra Mundial. Trump en ese sentido parece haber despreciado a prácticamente todos los mandatarios del mundo, con excepción de Macron, que sedujo al presidente Trump con la invitación a las celebraciones del Día de la Bastilla en Francia, incluido el desfile militar que emocionó tanto a Trump que ha pedido algo similar al ejército norteamericano. "Ustedes son los que ahora tienen que ayudar a preservarlo y reinventarlo", recalcó el presidente francés. Tras una velada privada el lunes, la Casa Blanca desplegó la noche del martes su alfombra roja en una fastuosa cena de Estado para un centenar de invitados.

Macron indicó que frente a las tentaciones vacías del proteccionismo, del aislacionismo y el nacionalismo, Estados Unidos y otros países deben mantenerse alertas ante los retos que emergen frente a sus sociedades. Uno puede jugar con el miedo y el enojo por un tiempo, pero no construyen nada.

El mandatario francés repitió la frase de "hagamos el mundo grandioso de nuevo" con la que parafrasea, con cierta ironía, el lema de la campaña de Trump y expresó su confianza en que algún día los estadounidenses regresen al pacto climático.

"Una guerra comercial no es coherente con nuestra misión".

El presidente de Irán cuestionó el miércoles las discusiones de Estados Unidos y países europeos sobre el acuerdo nuclear de Teherán y desestimó a Donald Trump como un "comerciante" que carece de las calificaciones para lidiar con un complejo pacto internacional. "No ahora, ni en cinco años, ni en 10 años, nunca", dijo Macron ante los legisladores. Ni en diez años. "Nunca. Pero esta política nunca debería llevarnos a la guerra en el Medio Oriente", agregó, y dijo que la soberanía de Irán, una "gran civilización", no debería ser violada.

Los elogios de Trump hacia Kim contrastan con el duro lenguaje con el que el presidente estadounidense acostumbraba a referirse a él el año pasado, cuando le aplicó el mote de "hombre cohete" y amenazó, en un discurso ante la Asamblea General de la ONU en setiembre, con "destruir totalmente" a Corea del Norte.

(Derechos de autor © 2015. Todos los derechos reservados.)
 
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